Yuk Belajar Simple Present Tense Bersama Burhan!

Hai Edukawan! Menurut kalian, apa sih materi pelajaran Bahasa Inggris yang paling nyebelin? Mungkin, banyak dari Edukawan yang akan jawab “tense”. Ya, tense itu memang salah satu materi Bahasa Inggris yang sering bikin bingung. Pada kesempatan ini, Burhan mau berbagi ilmu dengan kalian tentang pengertian, penggunaan, rumus, dan contoh kalimat simple present tense.

Pengertian Simple Present Tense

Simple present tense adalah salah satu tense yang ada dalam Bahasa Inggris. Kalimat yang menggunakan simple present tense biasanya berisi suatu fakta atau hal yang terjadi di masa kini.

Penggunaan Simple Present Tense

Ada tiga fungsi utama simple present tense, yaitu:

  1. Membicarakan hal yang ada atau terjadi di masa kini.
  2. Suatu fakta yang selalu atau hampir selalu benar.
  3. Suatu kebiasaan yang masih dilakukan sampai sekarang.

Simple present tense digunakan dalam berbagai jenis teks, di antaranya:

  1. Procedure text
  2. Descriptive text
  3. Exposition text

Rumus Simple Present Tense

Rumus Kalimat Simple Present Tense Positif

Untuk subject orang pertama tunggal (I):

  • Subject + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….
  • Subject + to be (am) + ….

Keterangan: titik-titik di akhir rumus dapat diisi dengan berbagai jenis kata, sebagaimana tertulis dalam contoh.

Untuk subject orang kedua tunggal (you) dan orang kedua dan ketiga jamak (we, they):

  • Subject + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….
  • Subject + to be (are) + ….

Untuk subject orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it):

  • Subject + (verb 1 + s) + ….
  • Subject + to be (is) + ….

Rumus Kalimat Simple Present Tense Negatif

Untuk subject orang pertama tunggal (I):

  • Subject + do not/don’t + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….
  • Subject + to be (am) + not + ….

Untuk subject orang kedua tunggal (you) dan orang kedua dan ketiga jamak (we, they):

  • Subject + do not/don’t + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….
  • Subject + to be (are) + not + …

Untuk subject orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it):

  • Subject + does not/doesn’t + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….
  • Subject + to be (is) + not + ….

Untuk kalimat perintah:

  • Do not/don’t + verb 1 (bare infinitive) + ….

Rumus Kalimat Simple Present Tense Interogatif

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak:

  • Untuk subject orang pertama tunggal (I):

(+) Do/to be (am) + subject + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak)

(-) Do/to be (am) + subject + not + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak)

  • Untuk subject orang kedua tunggal (you) dan orang kedua dan ketiga jamak (we, they):

(+) Do/to be (are)  + subject + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak positif)

(-) Do/to be (are)  + subject + not + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak negatif)

  • Untuk subject orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it):

(+) Does/to be (is) + subject + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak)

(-) Does/to be (is) + subject + not+ …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak)

Untuk pertanyaan 5W1H:

(+) Who/what/why/where/when/how + does/to be + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban sebuah informasi)

(-) Who/what/why/where/when/how + does/to be + not + …. (pertanyaan dengan jawaban sebuah informasi)

Catatan: Dalam kalimat tanya negatif, jika kata not dipendekkan (don’t, doesn’t, isn’t, aren’t), kata tersebut disimpan sebelum, bukan sesudah subjek. Jadi, kalimat “Do you not like working?” menjadi “Don’t you like working?

Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense

Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense Positif

Rumus
(1)(2)
+ noun+ adverb+ preposition+ noun+ adjective+ preposition
SubjectII make a cup of tea.

 

I bake some cakes, too.

I study diligently.

 

I work hard for this task.

I run on the jogging track.

 

I sleep before 9 o’clock.

I am a human being.

 

I am a man with a mission.

I am grateful for your help.

 

I am dissapointed in you.

I am at a disadvantage.

 

I am in my room.

You, we, theyYou love Lathi.

 

We read poems every night.

You dance gracefully.

 

They talk sparingly.

We drive to the basement.

 

You look beyond the horizon.

You are a good girl.

 

They are academic specialists.

You are beautiful.

 

You are special.

You are on top of a train.

 

They are beyond your reach.

He, she, itSeptia eats rice.

 

Willy drinks soda.

Manda works quickly.

 

Haifa drives masterfully.

My cat lands upon the ground unharmed.

 

Lionel Messi shoots to the goal.

Harry Potter is a wizard.

 

Dan Brown is a novelist.

A wild snake is dangerous.

 

A city cat is cautious.

Adna’s book is on the table

 

Nata is at a crossroad.

Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense Negatif

Rumus
(1)(2)
+ noun+ adverb+ preposition+ noun+ adjective+ preposition
SubjectII don’t eat pork.

 

I don’t like crowds.

I don’t speak loudly.

 

I don’t sleep quietly.

I don’t speak to a criminal.

 

I don’t smoke after eating.

I am not a generous person.

 

I am not a king, just a humble peasant.

I am not scared of dogs.

 

I am not meek, I’m a brave person.

I am not at your house right now.

 

I am not in my element.

You, we, theyYou don’t watch movies.

 

They don’t hate hamburgers.

We don’t dance gracefully.

 

You don’t live happily.

They don’t joke around.

 

We don’t talk to each other.

They are not executives, but only employees.

 

You are not a technician.

You are not trained for this.

 

We are not sad.

We are not inside a box.

 

They are not on fire.

He, she, itHafizh doesn’t create questions.

 

He doesn’t enter meetings either.

My child doesn’t blink slowly.

 

Her parents doesn’t work vigorously.

Vira doesn’t eat before she finishes her work.

 

Anggun doesn’t think inside the box.

My brother is not a sleepyhead.

 

Ridwan Kamil is not an animation designer.

My shooting is not accurate.

 

A wild rabbit is not dangerous.

My laptop is not for everyone to use.

 

His house is not for rent.

Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense Interogatif

Pertanyaan ya/tidak:

Rumus
+ noun+ adverb+ preposition+ adjective
SubjectI(+) Am I a good manager?

 

(-) Am I not your girlfriend?

(+) Do I stare intensely?

 

(-) Don’t I cut cleanly?

(+) Am I on the right way?

 

(-) Do I not go to the bathroom?

(+) Am I handsome?

 

(-) Am I not good enough for you?

You, we, they(+) Are you the imposter?

 

(-) Are you not a teacher?

(+) Do you chop quickly?

 

(-) Do the boys not graduate together?

(+) Do you think before talking?

 

(-) Don’t they ride after the sunset?

(+) Do they bring happiness?

 

(-) Are you not happy?

He, she, it(+) Does Aang love Katara?

 

(-) Is Sodiko not a jokester?

(+) Does Niken wash thoroughly?

 

(-) Doesn’t my lovebird sings beautifully?

(+) Does it fly above the clouds?

 

(-) Doesn’t she attest before the judge?

(+) Is Bayu diligent?

 

(-) Isn’t she mad?

 Pertanyaan 5W1H:

Rumus
+ what+ where+ when+ who+ why+ how
(+) What does Alif do in his spare time?

 

(-) What is not classified as a mammal?

(+) Where is the rumored pirate treasure?

 

(-) Where is the place that is not Earth?

(+) When does Faiz sleep?

 

(-) When does Hulk not get angry at anything?

(+) Who is the culprit of the crime?

 

(-) Who is not happy here?

(+) Why humans need to eat?

 

(-) Why people cannot survive in outer space?

(+) How am I alive?

 

(-) How is he not starving?

 

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